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Ahad, 20 April 2014

What Is Islam?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
In the name of God (Allah), the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Basic About Islam

Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world. Indeed, one out of every five persons on this earth is a Muslim. There are nearly 3 million Muslims living in United Kingdom and the number is growing. Yet, unfortunately, Islam is also the most misunderstood religion. Muslims live in different parts of the world ranging from China to Argentina, Russia to South Africa. The country with the largest Muslim population is Indonesia.

Islam means submission to the one God. It is strictly a monotheistic religion since it restricts worship to the one supreme Lord who is the Originator and Creator of the universe. Peace (the root from which the word Islam is derived) is attained through complete obedience to the commandments of God, for God is the source of all peace. Muslims are those who believe in one God and in Muhammad as the final Prophet of God. They devote their lives to the service of God, the Creator and Sustainer of the universe.

Islam teaches that God (called Allah in Arabic) is the source of all creation and that human beings are the best of His creation. He communicates by inspiring them towards goodness and by sending Prophets who deliver God’s message. Muslims believe that the first Prophet was Adam followed by a long chain of Prophets to guide humanity. The Qur’an, according to Muslim belief, is the word of God revealed to Prophet Muhammad. It mentions many other previous Prophets like Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Ismael, Moses, Jacob, Joseph and Jesus. All the Prophets brought the same message, which are belief in one God, upright human conduct and belief in the accountability of human acts at the end of time.

Belief in One God

Monotheism, belief in one God, is the most important and foundational concept in Islam.Muslims believe in one God who created the universe and has power over everything within it. He is unique and exalted above everything He creates, and His greatness cannot be compared to His creation. Furthermore, He is the only one deserving of any worship and the ultimate purpose of all creation is to submit to Him. The Islamic understanding of God is distinct from all other religions and beliefs in various respects since it is based on a pure and clear understanding of monotheism. This essentially captures the concept of God in Islam, which will be further elaborated in this pamphlet.

Muslims call their God as Allah. This is a universal name for God and does not refer to an exclusively ‘Islamic’ God. Interestingly, this name is related to the Aramaic and Hebrew names for God, Allaha and Elohim. Therefore, Allah is simply the Arabic name for God which affirms that He is One singular God with no partners or equals. The name Allah cannot be pluralized or limited to a specific gender, which establishes that God is One and that He is unique from everything He creates. Muslims continue to use this original Arabic name for God (Allah) since it perfectly expresses His unique qualities.

God is the Creator and the Sustainer of the universe who created everything for a reason. Muslims believe that He created humankind with a simple purpose – to worship Him. He sent messengers to guide people in fulfilling this purpose. Some of these messengers include Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad, peace be upon all of them. They all taught a consistent message about God by affirming His greatness as the Creator and guiding people to worship Him alone. This basic concept has always resonated with people’s natural understanding of God.

When the final prophet, Muhammad, peace be upon him (pbuh), was asked about God, the answer came directly from God in the holy book of Muslims, the Quran (also spelled ‘Koran’): 

“Say, ‘He is God the One, God the eternal. He begot no one nor was He begotten. No one is comparable to Him.’” [112:1-4] 

This is a clear statement by God describing Himself to humanity without any room for confusion. God is One and is exalted above everything He creates and He is capable over all things.

Fully accepting the oneness of God is to accept that He is distinct from everything else. It would not suit God’s majesty and glory to associate the limited attributes of His creation to Him because He is not restricted in any way, while His creation is. He is the First with no beginning and the Last with no end. Everything in the universe was created by His will. He is not confined by space or time and He is the only One who is in control and provides for His creation.

“He is God: there is no god other than Him. It is He who knows what is hidden as well as what is in the open, He is the Lord of Mercy, the Giver of Mercy. He is God: there is no god other than Him, the Controller, the Holy One, Source of Peace, Granter of Security, Guardian over all, the Almighty, the Compeller, the Truly Great; God is far above anything they consider to be His partner. He is God: the Creator, the Originator, the Shaper. The best names belong to Him. Everything in the heavens and earth glorifies Him: He is the Almighty, the Wise.” [Quran, 59:22-24]

Pure Monotheism

“God: there is no god but Him, the Ever Living, the Ever Watchful. Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. All that is in the heavens and in the earth belongs to Him. Who is there that can intercede with Him except by His leave? He knows what is before them and what is behind them, but they do not comprehend any of His knowledge except what He wills. His throne extends over the heavens and the earth; it does not weary Him to preserve them both. He is the Most High, the Tremendous.” [Quran, 2:255]

The primary pillar of Islamic belief clearly states that there is nothing worthy of worship except God. Associating partners with God or attributing qualities of lesser beings to Him is considered to be the greatest sin in Islam.

In the past, this often took the form of idol worship or praying to multiple lesser gods. Although this is less common now, the current era has replaced many of the physical ‘idols’ of the past with other contemporary ‘gods.’ Many people today allow passions like entertainment, drugs, relationships or material objects to become the center of their lives. They become so consumed with these things that they submit to whatever will allow them to fulfill their desires. For example, if a drug addict allows their addiction to control their actions, beliefs, feelings, and behaviors, causing them to risk their personal safety and the safety of others, that drug has essentially become their god. Likewise, if another person puts a loved one before God by obeying that person even if that causes them to transgress against God’s commands, their loved one has taken precedence over God.

Islam teaches that people should completely submit only to God as He is the only One worthy of their worship. He is the Creator and Sustainer of the universe and everything in it belongs to Him. The Quran points out the faulty thinking of those who worship other than God:

“‘How can you worship things you carve with your own hands, when it is God who has created you and all your handiwork?’” [37:95-96]

The Believer’s Surrender

In order to be a true believer, one must believe in the absolute oneness of God, as the only Creator, Preserver and Nourisher of everything. However, this belief in the true characteristics of God is not the sole condition of true faith; one must also acknowledge that God is the only one who deserves to be worshipped. His commands and guidelines for how to live one’s life should always take precedence over the commands of anything He created. Indeed, He guides humanity to what is best for them in this life and the hereafter and He is All-Knowing and All-Wise.

Having embraced this understanding of God, one should constantly have faith in Him, and should remain steadfast on the truth. When true faith enters a person’s heart, it positively impacts their outlook and behaviour. The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said, “Faith is that which resides firmly in the heart and which is proved by actions.”

One of the striking effects of faith is a feeling of gratitude towards God. Believers love God and are grateful to Him for the blessings He gives them. They are aware of the fact that their good deeds will never be equal to His divine favors upon them so they are always striving to please Him. Furthermore, sincere believers in God accept that any hardships they face are part of the greater ‘test of life.’ They are patient through times of difficulty and turn to God for assistance. A beautiful characteristic of the believers is that they accept everything God wills and continuously remember Him in all aspects of life.

Anyone who denies the basic truth of the existence of God is considered ungrateful and a disbeliever. On many occasions in the Quran, God reminds humanity of the disbelievers’ clear misguidance and His complete power over everything:

“Behold! Verily to Allah belong all creatures, in the heavens and on earth. What do they follow who worship as His “partners” other than Allah? They follow nothing but fancy, and they do nothing but lie.” [10:66]

“It is God who has given you the night in which to rest and the day in which to see. God is truly bountiful to people, but most people do not give thanks. Such is God your Lord, the Creator of all things: there is no god but Him. How can you be so deluded? [40:61-62]

In the end, we must understand that our belief or disbelief in God does not affect Him in any way. Believing in Him, worshipping Him, and following His commands will only benefit us because we are in need of His blessings, favors and mercy. On the other hand, He does not need us because He is the Self-Sufficient Creator. However, it is never too late for a person to turn back to God, seeking His guidance and forgiveness by submitting to Him.

“Say: “O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Turn ye to our Lord (in repentance) and bow to His (Will), before the Penalty comes on you: after that ye shall not be helped. And follow the best of (the courses) revealed to you from your Lord, before the Penalty comes on you – of a sudden while ye perceive not!” [Quran, 39:53-55]

Why Islam?

If you agree with the basic concepts, you may still ask why Islam stands out from other religions. The reason is simply that Islam is the final and complete way of life that God revealed to guide humanity. Previous divine messages (such as the ones taught by Abraham, Moses and Jesus) have been lost or altered throughout time. God chose to send Muhammad (pbuh) to deliver His final message, which maintains the core teachings of all the previous revelations. The book sent to Muhammad (pbuh) was the Quran, which was revealed as guidance for all of humanity. Just like the Torah sent to Moses and the Gospel sent to Jesus, the Quran is a guidebook teaching us how to worship God in the purest manner and thereby achieve our purpose in life. The Quran is unique because it has remained preserved in its exact and original form for more than 1,400 years!!

Islam is not a new way of life; rather, it is the final message, which upholds the same essential beliefs that God sent to humanity through all of His messengers. Through this message, God calls on each individual to lead a conscientious life by drawing close to Him and to remain cognizant of their final accountability in front of the one and only God.

“Has the time not come for those who have believed that their hearts should become humbly submissive at the remembrance of Allah and what has come down of the truth?” [Quran, 57:16]

Islam is the final religion revealed to human beings through the last Prophet who was called Muhammad. He was born in Mecca (in Saudi Arabia) in the year 570 A.D. Muhammad was a very truthful and honest person. He was also very pious and detested the moral decadence of his society. No wonder why Prophet Muhammad listed as the most influential person in history as list by  Michael H. Hart in his book, The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History   At the age of forty, God asked him, through the angel Gabriel, to proclaim the religion of Islam publicly. God’s message to humanity was delivered in the Qur’an which was revealed to Muhammad. The Qur’an, which is the holy book for Muslims, contains 114 chapters (called Surah). Muslims believe that Quran is the pure word of God, unadulterated over 14 centuries. It deals with issues that affect human beings in their earthly lives; issues like piety, upright human conduct, worship, the creation of a just and virtuous society and the practice of ethics.

The Teachings of Islam

Islam teaches that human beings are born pure and sinless. No one is responsible for, or can take responsibility for the sins of others. The doors of forgiveness are always open for those who repent sincerely. God continuously reminds us in the Qur’an of His infinite mercy and compassion. Muslims are enjoined to maintain inner spiritual purity through constant remembrance and prayer to God. Islam balances the spiritual dimension by emphasizing human responsibility. Human beings are created with a purpose. Attainment of piety is but one dimension of such purpose; playing an active role in the creation of a just society is another. Because Muslims attach importance to what happens in this world, they have made substantial contributions to the development of science, medicine, mathematics, physics, astronomy, geography and literature.

Muslims like Avicenna and Averroes have played major roles in the advancement of science in the West. The first university in the world was established by Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq in Madina, Arabia. Many crucial systems such as the Arabic numerals, algebra, the first map of the globe and navigational maps were developed by Muslims and adopted by the medieval Europeans.

Apart from human responsibility, Islam also teaches human accountability. The final destination of human beings is the hereafter. Muslims believe that, at the end of time, all human beings will be resurrected to account for their deeds. Those who have performed righteous deeds will be rewarded with eternal bliss in heaven and those who have performed evil acts will be punished in hell.

Islam and War

The concept of jihad (wrongly translated as holy war) refers to the duty of Muslims to struggle for their faith and the welfare of the Muslim community. The Quran does not permit aggression against anyone and Prophet Muhammad propagated his message in a peaceful manner. Warfare is permitted only in self-defence. However, it must be noted that people only resort to violence when their basic human rights are violated and when all attempts at peaceful settlement are thwarted.
Islam and Human Rights

Islam teaches that human beings have a moral obligation to live in harmony with one another.Islam also recognizes and accords rights to all human beings regardless of race, color or creed. Islam requires its followers to show respect and tolerance even to those who do not share their faith. Prophet Muhammad said: “God has no mercy on one who shows no mercy to others”.

Freedom of conscience is guaranteed by the Qur’an itself. Islamic law stipulates that Muslims should protect the status of minorities. It states: 

“There is no compulsion in religion” [2:256] 

Therefore the life and property of all citizens in an Islamic state are considered sacred, whether a person is a Muslim or not. Because of this, non-Muslim places of worship have survived and flourished all over the Muslim world. Islam further encourages Muslims to respect the rights of all living things. Therefore, Muslims are required to be conscious of the environment and are not allowed to cause harm to nature.

It is important to realize that far from being extremists and fanatics, Muslims are peaceful and law abiding citizens of the countries in which they live. This stance is derived directly from the Qur’an which states:

 “O human beings, We have created you from one male and female (Adam & Eve), and we have created you as different tribes and nations so that you may know each other” [49:13]

Islam and Women

Muslim women have all the rights of their male counterparts. Islam granted full rights to women fourteen hundred years ago. Muslim women may own and dispose property; they may work, exercise voting powers and exercise numerous other rights freely without constraints. More so, Muslim women cannot be forced to marry against their will.

To preserve chastity, respect and moral values in society, Muslim men and women are required to dress in a manner which is considered modest and dignified. Women are asked to cover their hair and wear loose clothing. The diversity of female dress in some Muslim countries is often the expression of local customs.

Since Islam is a universal religion, it is easy to become a Muslim. One has to believe and affirm that “There is no god but God and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God”.

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Jumaat, 4 April 2014

Biografi Masruq Al-Ajda' ( مسروق الأجدع)

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته


Masruq Al-Ajda’ Al-Hamadani Al-Wadi’I Abu Aisyah Al-Kufi. Dalam tahzib Al-Kamal disebutkan nama penuhnya ialah Masruq bin Al-Ajda’ bin Malik bin Umayyah bin Abdullah bin Murri bin Salman (ada juga yang menyebut Salaman) bin Muammar bin Al-Harith bin Sa’ad bin Abdullah bin Wadi’ah. [Tahzib 27/451-452]

Al-Hafiz Abu Bakar Al-Khatib berkata mengenai asal usul namanya Masruq: 

يقال إنه سرق وهو صغير ثم وجد فسمي مسروقاً وأسلم أبوه الأجدع
“Ada yang mengatakan bahawa pada waktu kecil dia pernah hilang kerana diculik lalu dijumpai sehingga dia dinamakan Masruq (orang yang diculik), kemudian ayahnya Al-Ajda’ memeluk Islam.” [Tarikh Baghdad 12/232]


Menurut Syaikh Ahmad Farid dalam Min A’lam As-Salaf, daripada pengamatannya didapati tidak ada seorang pun penulis biografi ulama’ menyebutkan tarikh lahirnya dengan jelas. Mereka hanya memberikan keterangan bahawa Masruq meninggal pada tahun sekitar 62 atau 63 Hijrah. 

Harun bin Hatim daripada Al-Fadl bin Amr mengatakan:

“Masruq meninggal pada usia 63 tahun”

Jadi dapat dikatakan bahawa Masruq lahir sekitar tahun satu hijrah atau setahun sebelumnya. Allahua’lam.

Terkenal sebagai Ahli Ibadah

Diriwayatkan daripada Ibrahim bin Muhammad Al-Muntashir dia berkata: 

كان مسروق يرخى الستر بينه و بين أهله ويقبل على صلاته ويخليهم ودنياهم
“Masruq memasang penutup antara dia dan ahli keluarganya ketika solat agar khusyuk dalam solatnya, meninggalkan mereka dan dunia mereka” [Hilyah Al-Auliya’ 3/96]

Diriwayatkan daripada Anas bin Sirin daripada isteri Masruq berkata:

كان مسروق يصلى حتى تورم قدماه فربما جلست خلفه أبكى مما أراه يصنع بنفسه
“Masruq banyak mengerjakan solat sehingga kedua kakinya membengkak. Aku sering duduk di belakangnya sambil menangis kerana tidak sanggup melihat apa yang dilakukannya (ibadahnya).” [Tahzib Al-Kamal 27/455]

Diriwayatkan daripada As-Sya’bi dia berkata: 

كان - يعني مسروقاً - يصلي حتى تورم قدماه فربما جلست أبكي خلفه مما أراه يصنع بنفسه. أخبرنا عبيد الله بن عمر الواعظ حدثني أبي حدثنا يعقوب بن أحمد بن ثوابة بحمص حدثنا سعيد بن عثمان التنوخي حدثنا علي بن الحسن الشامي حدثنا سفيان الثوري عن فطر بن خليفة عن الشعبي قال: غشى على مسروق بن الأجدع في يوم صائف وهو صائم وكانت عائشة زوج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قد تبنته فسمى ابنته عائشة وكان لا يعصي ابنته شيئاً قال: فنزلت إليه فقالت يا أبتاه أفطر واشرب. قال: ما أردت بي يا بنية قالت الرفق قال: يا بنية إنما طلبت الرفق لنفسي في يوم كان مقداره خمسين ألف سنة
“Masruq bin Al-Ajda’ pengsan ketika sedang berpuasa pada musim kemarau. Sayyidah Aisyah, isteri Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam sudah menganggapnya seperti anaknya sendiri sehingga Masruq memberikan nama puterinya Aisyah. Dia tidak pernah marah kepada puterinya sedikitpun. Kemudian puterinya datang kepadanya dan berkata: “Wahai Ayah, makan dan minumlah.” Masruq menjawab: “Apa yang kamu ingin dariku wahai anakku?” Puterinya menjawab: “Aku hanya kasihan melihat ayah.” Masruq berkata: “Wahai puteriku, aku hanya ingin mendapatkan kasih saying dari Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala pada hari yang jaraknya selama lima puluh ribu tahun (maksudnya satu hari di akhirat seperti lima puluh ribu tahun di dunia).” [Tarikh Baghdad 13/234]

Diriwayatkan daripada Abu Ishaq berkata: 

حج مسروق فما بات إلا ساجداً
“Ketika Masruq mengerjakan ibadah haji, dia tidak pernah tidur kecuali dalam keadaan bersujud.” [Hilyah Al-Auliya’ 2/95]

Diriwayatkan daripada Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin Al-Muntasyir berkata:

أهدى خالد بن عبد الله بن أسيد عامل البصرة إلى عمي مسروق ثلاثين ألفا، وهو يومئذ محتاج فلم يقبلها
“Khalid bin Abdullah salah seorang pembesar di Basrah memberikan hadiah wang kepada Masruq sebanyak 3000 dinar. Walaupun dia sangat memerlukannya, namun dia tetap tidak menerimanya.” 

Abu Ishaq As-Subai’i berkata: 

زوج مسروق بنته بالسائب بن الاقرع على عشرة آلاف لنفسه يجعلها في المجاهدين والمساكين
“Masruq menikahkan puterinya dengan Sa’ib bin Al-Aqra’ dengan mas kahwin sebanyak 10,000 dinar yang diberikan Sa’ib kepadanya. Lalu wang tersebut digunakan oleh Masruq untuk membiayai para pejuang Islam dan membantu orang fakir dan miskin.” [Siyar A’lam An-Nubala 4/66]

Sifat Wara’ dan Zuhudnya

Masruq Al-Ajda’ merupakan seorang hakim yang unggul sewaktu hanyatnya. Sungguhpun beliau seorang ulama’ besar, alim dan hakim, namun beliau tidak pernah mengambil sebarang gaji walaupun beliau memang layak mendapatkannya. 

Diriwayatkan daripada Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin Al-Muntashir daripada ayahnya daripada Masruq Al-Ajda’ dia berkata: 

أنه كان لا يأخذ على القضاء أجراً، ويتناول هذه الآية: إن الله اشترى من المؤمنين أنفسهم وأموالهم بأن لهم الجنة
“Sesungguhnya dia tidak pernah mengambil bayaran daripada pekerjaannya sebagai seorang hakim atas dasar firman Allah ta’ala:”

“Sesungguhnya Allah membeli jiwa raga dna harta orang-orang yang beriman dengan syurga.” [Hilyah Al-Auliya’ 2/96]

Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin Al-Muntashir juga berkata:

“Setiap hari jumaat Masruq akan menunggang keldainya dan aku di belakang. Dia membawa penyapu yang sudah lama ke kebun lalu berkata: “Dunia ini ada di bawah kita.”


Beliau merupakan pembesar Tabi’in yang sempat bertemu dan berguru dengan para sahabat Nabi yang hebat. Antara guru-guru Masruq menurut Al-Mizzi dalam Tahzib Al-Kamal 27/452-453: 
  1. Abu Bakar As-Siddiq 
  2. Uthman bin Affan 
  3. Ali bin Abi Talib 
  4. Ubai bin Ka’ab 
  5. Zaid bin Thabit 
  6. Abdullah bin Umar bin Al-Khattab (Ibn Umar) 
  7. Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-Ash 
  8. Abdullah bin Mas’ud (Ibn Mas’ud) 
  9. Muaz bin Jabal 
  10. Sayyidah Aisyah isteri Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam 
  11. Ummu Salamah isteri Rasulullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam 
  12. Ibunya, Ummu Ruman 
  13. Khabab bin Al-Art 
  14. Ubaid bin Umair Al-Laithi 
  15. Ma’qil bin Sinan Al-Asyja’i 
  16. Al-Mughirah bin Syu’bah 
  17. Subai’ah Al-Aslamiyah 


Murid-muridnya pula begitu ramai dan kesemuanya lahir sebagai ulama’ hebat selepasnya. Antaranya ialah: 

  1. Ibrahim An-Nakha’i 
  2. Anas bin Sirin 
  3. Ayyub bin Hani’ 
  4. Abu Wail Syaqiq bin Salamah 
  5. Amir As-Sya’bi 
  6. Jabal bin Rufaidah 
  7. Abdullah bin Murrah Al-Khariqi 
  8. Abdurrahman bin Abdullah bin Mas’ud (Anak ibn Mas’ud. Masruq sebelumnya berguru dengan Ibn Mas’ud dan selepas itu anak Ibn Mas’ud sendiri berguru dengan Masruq, Subhanallah.) 
  9. Ubaid bin Nadhlah 
  10. Ammarah bin Umair 
  11. Al-Qasim bin Al-Munyastir bin Al-Ajda’ (cucu Masruq) 
  12. Muhammad bin An-Nasyr Al-Hamdani 
  13. Abu Ad-Dhuha Salam bin Shabih 
  14. Makhul bin As-Syami 
  15. Yahya bin Al-Jazzar 
  16. Yahya bin Watsab 
  17. Abu Al-Ahwash Al-Jusyami 
  18. Abu Ishaq AS-Subai’i 
  19. Abu As-Sya’tha Al-Muharibi dan 
  20. Isterinya Umair bin Amr 

Ucapan Emasnya

Antara kata-kata hikmah yang keluar dari lisannya ialah:

كفى بالمرء علماً أن يخشى الله، وكفى بالمرء جهلاً أن يعجب بعمله
Cukuplah seseorang itu dikatakan alim bila dia takut kepada Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala dan seseorang itu bodoh bila dia rasa 'ujub (bangga) dengan amalannya. [Thabaqat Ibn Sa’ad 6/80]

والمرء حقيق أن يكون له مجالس يخلو فيها فيذكر ذنوبه فيستغفر الله
Hendaklah seseorang itu mempunyai tempat sunyi sehingga dia dapat menggunakannya untuk muhasabah dirinya, merenung dosa-dosanya dan meminta ampun kepada Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. [Thabaqat Ibn Sa’ad 6/80]

أن أقضي بقضية فأوافق الحق أو أصيب الحق أحب إلي من رباط سنة في سبيل الله
Sesungguhnya ketika aku memutuskan sesuatu perkara dalam suatu pengadilan yang dekat dengan kebenaran atau aku benar dalam ijtihad ianya lebih aku cintai daripada aku berperang selama satu tahun di jalan Allah. [Thabaqat Ibn Sa’ad 6/81]

من سره أن يعلم علم الأولين، وعلم الآخرين، وعلم الدنيا والآخرة، فليقرأ سورة الواقعة
“Sesiapa ingin mendapatkan ilmu-ilmu para pendahulunya dan akhirnya, juga ilmu-ilmu dunia dan akhirat maka bacalah Surah Al-Waqi’ah.” 

Kata Az-Zahabi: 

هذا قاله مسروق على المبالغة، لعظم ما في السورة من جمل أمور الدارين. ومعنى قوله: فليقرأ الواقعة - أي: يقرأها بتدبر وتفكر وحضور، ولا يكن كمثل الحمار يحمل أسفارا
Ucapan Masruq ini memang terkesan dan perlu disebar-sebarkan kerana memang besar manfaat dan kandungan yang ada dalam surah itu (Al-Waqi’ah) yang meliputi masalah dunia dan akhirat sekaligus. 

Adapun yang dimaksudkan dengan membaca surah Al-Waqi’ah maksudnya ialah membacanya dengan merenungi ayat-ayat dan memikirkan tanda-tanda keagungan dan kebesaran Allah dengan merasakan seolah-olah Dia hadir dihadapannya sehingga dia tidak seperti sebuah perumpamaan yang disebutkan dalam Al-Quran: “Seekor keldai terbeban membawa kitab yang banyak (perumpamaan bagi pembawa kitab yang banyak namun tidak mampu membaca dan memahami maksud dalam kitab yang banyak itu).” [Siyar A’lam An-Nubala 4/68]

Pujian Ulama’ Terhadapnya

Amir As-Sya’bi berkata:

ما رأيت أحداً أطلب للعلم في الآفاق من مسروق
“Aku tidak pernah tahu orang yang lebih banyak mengembara ke pelbagai tempat untuk mencari ilmu berbanding Masruq.” [Siyar A'lam An-Nubala 4/65]

Ibn Al-Madini berkata: 

أنا ما أقدم على مسروق أحدا صلى خلف أبي بكر
“Aku tidak pernah mempersilakan seorang pun untuk berada di belakang Abu Bakar ketika solat jemaah (yang diimami oleh Abu Bakar) melainkan kepada Masruq (kerana ketokohannya berbanding orang lain).”

As-Sya’bi berkata:

كان مسروق أعلم بالفتوى من شريح، وكان شريح أعلم بالقضاء، وكان شريح يستشير مسروقا
“Masruq lebih mengetahui dalam fatwa fatwa berbanding Syuraih kerana Syuraih sendiri banyak meminta pendapat Masruq.” [Thabaqat Ibn Sa’ad 6/82]

Ibn Sa’ad berkata: 

وكان ثقة وله أحاديث صالحة
“Dia adalah thiqah (dapat dipercayai perkataan dan amalannnya) dan dia mempunyai banyak hadith yang layak diriwayatkan.” [Tabaqat Ibn Sa’ad 6/84]

Yahya bin Main berkata:

مسروق ثقة، لا يسأل عن مثله
“Masruq adalah orang yang dapat dipercayai dan tidak ada orang yang dapat menyamainya.” [Siyar A’lam An-Nubala 4/67]

Kata Abu Nu’aim:

ومنهم العالم بربه، الهائم بحبه، الذاكر لذنبه، في العلم معروق، وبالضمان موثوق، ولعباد الله مشوق، أبو عائشة المسمى بمسروق
“Dia antara teman Abdullah bin Mas’ud ada seseorang yang sangat takut dan cinta kepada Tuhannya dan selalu ingat akan banyaknya dosa yang telah dilakukannya. Dia sangat dihormati keilmuannya, dapat dipercayai dan selalu ingin bertemu dengan Tuhannya dengan memperbanyakkan ibadah, dialah Abu Aisyah (Bapa kepada Aisyah) bernama Masruq.” [Hilyah Al-Auliya’ 2/95]

Meninggal Dunia

Masruq Al-Ajda’ meninggal dunia pada tahun 93 Hijrah menurut pendapat Sufyan bin Uyainah dalam Tabaqat Ibn Sa’ad. Abu Nu’aim menyatakan bahawa Masruq meninggal dunia pada tahun 92 Hijrah. 

 والله أعلم بالـصـواب 

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